Alopecia areata is a type of hair loss that happens when your immune system attacks hair follicles. This hair loss problem is most common among the people younger than 20, but adults and even children of any age also may be affected. There is no difference between men and women, they can be affected equally. Alopecia areata generally begins when clumps of hair starts to fall out, resulting in round, smooth hairless parches on the scalp. In some cases of alopecia areata the hair may become much thinner without noticeable baldness, or it may grow and break off, living short stubs.
In some cases dermatologist can diagnose alopecia areata just by looking at the hair loss pattern. Sometimes the dermatologists will perform a skin biopsy in order to confirm that it is alopecia areata. Also, blood test may be necessary if the dermatologist thinks the patient may have another disease. The fact is that there isn’t cure for alopecia areata, but there are Alopecia areata treatment that can help.
- Corticosteroids – This is when the dermatologist injects the medicine into the places where there is hair loss. Sometimes patients are also given a lotion, ointment or cream that need to be applied to the bare spots and sometimes, patients are even prescribed the corticosteroid pills. These pills can have really serious side effects which is why dermatologist do not prescribe them as often.
- Minoxidil – This alopecia areata treatment may help some patients regrow their hair. It is safe for both adults and children. Whit this alopecia areata treatment, hair may start growing in about three months. Patients usually use this treatment in combination with another alopecia areata treatment.
However, the most popular alopecia areata treatment is definitely SPM or Scalp Micro Pigmentation. This treatment is Micro cosmetic tattoo technique that gives the illusion of a shaved head. After just first treatment patients can see the results. The best thing about this alopecia areata treatment is that it is non-surgical, scar free, drug free and offers immediate results. The pigments used in this treatment are of high quality and can be mixed to match the natural hair colour of the patient.